This article is an adaptation of a LATTO thought’s ongoing three-part series on the shared histories of Black and Native peoples in America. Listen to the episodes on your favorite podcast app today.

Library of Congress, American National Red Cross Photograph Collection

“The Creek Nation and the Cherokee Nation join at Greenwood and Archer, right where the Tulsa riots occurred,” reflected Darnella Davis, member of the Muscogee Creek nation, descendent of the Cherokee Freedmen, and author of Untangling a Red White and Black Heritage. A year after the murder of George Floyd and in the wake of an overdue surge in the Movement for Black Lives, May 31, 2021, marked the 100th year anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre.

Yet while the story of Tulsa’s Greenwood District and its destruction by an angry white mob has taken a necessary nationwide spotlight, the…


While Juneteenth commemorates U.S. Emancipation, few know that chattel slavery continued to be legally practiced in ‘Indian Country’ well past the close of the Civil War

Juneteenth band, photographed by Grace Murray Stephenson in Eastwoods Park, Austin, 1900

June 19th, 1865, otherwise known as Juneteenth, marks the day that news of the end of the Civil War, and thus chattel slavery, reached the last Confederate stronghold resisting the Union Army in Galveston, Texas. But there remained one western territory within the U.S. that was still holding people of African descent under the bonds of enslavement until 1866.

The Five ‘Civilized’ Tribes — the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek, and Seminole nations — had all adopted African chattel slavery, in some, form by the 1830s. …

CA Davis

Creator and Host of a LATTO thought podcast

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